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Conventional oil has worked for generations so why is synthetic oil taking over now? Toyota has recommended for years now that synthetic oil be used in their motors for top-quality performance and durability.
Since Toyota is one of the leading car manufacturers with cars staying on the roads longer, it might be worth checking out their recommended synthetic oil.
If you purchased a Sienna (or are considering getting one) you will want to know whether you have to use synthetic oil or not in the vehicle.
Toyota Sienna vehicles should use 0W-20 oil which is synthetic. Toyota says you can exchange it for 5W-20 for a single oil change but then you need to go back to the 0W-20 on the next oil change.
It is recommended for Toyota Siennas that use synthetic oil to have their oil and filter changed every 10,000 miles or 12 months, whichever comes first whereas conventional oil needs changed every 3,000-5,000 miles.
Traditionally, conventional oil has been used for a long time and many don’t realise the difference synthetic makes to your engine. Cars and other motorized vehicles have typical lifespans and we all agree that when a car’s time is up it’s up.
But what if using synthetic oil can make your engine last longer? Read on to find out more about synthetic oil, its benefits, and which Toyota Sienna models require it.
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What Is Synthetic Oil?
Synthetic oil is a man-made oil artificially created with chemical compounds. It is a lubricant just like conventional oil but contains petroleum components and other chemical additives for high performance in motorized vehicles.
Synthetic oil does typically contain a base component of distilled crude oil, which is the natural petroleum we find when drilling beneath the earth’s surface.
Although synthetic oil is becoming more popular in the 20th century the way that synthetic oil is made differs from manufacturer to manufacturer and the different ingredients and substances used to make synthetic oil are generally known as a trade secret among producers.
The first known production of synthetic oil was in 1877 and a very detailed history of how synthetic oil came about before, during, and after German wartime can be read here at amsoil.com for those interested in the history behind synthetic oil.
Does A Toyota Sienna Need Synthetic Oil?
Although no Toyota Sienna models require the use of synthetic oil every oil change Toyota does recommend all modern models should be using synthetic oil at least every other oil change.
For guidance, and to be sure which oil your Sienna needs we highly recommend checking your vehicle manual for details. If you have, unfortunately, misplaced your manual, you can also check the vehicle identification number (VIN) and provide it to a local dealership so they can check the database and get the information you need.
You can usually find the VIN on the edge of your driver side door when opened.
Toyota has recommended that synthetic oil be used in all their newer vehicle trims and that all oil and filter changes be done around the 7,000 – 10,000-mile mark on the odometer, or at 12 months, whichever comes first.
Which Sienna Models Require Synthetic Oil?
For all Sienna models after 2010, Toyota recommends synthetic oil be used in at least every other oil change. If the synthetic is not available Toyota recommends the next best thing is SAE 5W-20 but to have your oil replaced with the better-quality SAE 0W-20 next time you have an oil and filter change.
- 2011 Toyota Sienna
All 2011 Toyota Sienna models require the use of synthetic oil.
- 2012 Toyota Sienna
2012 Toyota Sienna trims are recommended to have synthetic oil, but some models can take conventional motor oil. Check with your dealership or in your manual.
- 2013 – 2015 Toyota Sienna
Toyota Sienna models from 2013 – 2015 should use fully synthetic oil SAE 0W-20 but can use a lower quality oil every other oil change if this is not available.
- 2016 – 2019 Toyota Sienna
Toyota advises that all models from 2016 – 2019 should be using fully synthetic oil SAE 0W-20 but can use SAE 5W-20 if the top-quality synthetic motor oil is not available. It is not recommended to use this lower quality oil two changes in a row.
- 2020 – 2022 Toyota Sienna
From 2020 to 2022, Toyota recommends that Sienna’s use top-quality SAE 0W-20 synthetic motor oil but you will find some models that use conventional oil. Check with your dealership or in your vehicle manual to confirm.
What Are The Benefits Od Synthetic Oil?
The word synthetic may make people think that it is not as good as something conventional. But synthetic oil is designed to perform better in vehicle engines and is even used in high-performing jet engines.
Here are the multiple benefits of using synthetic oil:
- The low viscosity in synthetic oil flows quicker and easier through an engine and in turn, improves its fuel efficiency
- The chemicals in synthetic oil prevent and resist the oil from breaking down quicker
- Synthetic oil can withstand higher and lower temperatures even in extreme weather
- Synthetic oil heats up quicker than conventional oil so is better for your engine if you are making lots of short trips (making lots of short trips is not recommended as your engine does not have sufficient time to heat up which can wear your engine out quicker over time)
- Because synthetic oil is thinner than conventional oil and flows more freely through the engine it can help protect the engine from strain if towing or hauling a heavy payload
- Sludge buildup is less likely in synthetic oil whereas conventional oil is susceptible to sludge buildup which can block the engine tubes and oil passages that lead to engine damage
- Where conventional oil and filters need to be changed every 3000 to 5000 miles, it is recommended that synthetic oil is changed every 7000 to 10,000 miles
Conventional Oil Vs Synthetic Oil
Generally, synthetic oil is seen as a superior oil that is better for your vehicles’ motor and performance, it is, however, much more expensive than conventional oil. But that’s pretty much where the downsides of synthetic oil end.
Conventional oil does provide enough lubrication in your engine and has been used for generations, but synthetic oil is outperforming conventional oil and slowly becoming the new “normal” for manufacturers across the world.
Consumerreports.org reports that in 2019, over 70% of vehicles on American roads are using either fully synthetic or blended synthetic oils in their engines.
|Conventional oil||Synthetic oil|
|Recommended to be replaced every 3000 – 5000 miles||Recommended to be replaced every 7000 – 10,000 miles. Some brands even advise an oil change isn’t necessary for up to 25,000 miles|
|Typically costs between $35 – $75 for an oil and filter change||Typically costs between$65 – $125 for an oil and filter change|
|Prone to chemical oxidation which causes oil sludge, corrosion, impaired engine performance, and blocked pipes in colder temperatures||Can withstand extreme temperatures due to lower viscosity and flows better in colder weather|
|Thicker at lower temperatures and thin at higher temperatures which can cause engine damage over time||Extreme temperatures may cause components to separate from the oil compound|
|Is drilled from the ground and natural contaminants can be found in crude oil||Is made in a laboratory and has fewer impurities that can harm your engine over time|
|Proven superior effectiveness in engine performance|
Toyota Siennas have been known for their durability, their longevity, and being an overall reliable car. There are many reasons why the Toyota Sienna has remained popular for so many years and how this vehicle remains on the road for so long.
Two of the main reasons are that it is a hybrid model and that most Toyota Sienna’s use fully synthetic oil to keep the engines healthy and running for as long as possible.
Although synthetic oil comes at a higher price you may find the longevity in your vehicle is worth the extra cost of the recommended synthetic oil.